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Canada and World War 2

The Liberation of Europe
Home | Canada's Response | Canada Declares War | Canada's Role | Canadians at Sea | Canadians in the Air | The Italian Campaign, 1943 | D-Day, 1944 | The Liberation of Europe | The Holocaust | Japan Surrenders | Links

While Canadian troops were landing on the beaches of Normandy, other Allied troops invaded Europe through Italy. Hitler retaliated by sending out secret weapons; the flying bomb V-1 and the V-2 "faster-than-sound" rocket. These missiles had been aimed at British cities, but as the Allied forces swept through Belgium, they overran the launching sites.

The fighting continued on for another 11 months. Canadian forces had to continue to press forward through Italy onto the Western fronts. Canadian soldiers lost 1000 men for every month left of the war.

The Nazis retreated from Holland and began to flood the lowlands. The Canadians had 7600 casualties from pushing the Nazis out of the dykes and towns of the Netherlands, however, on the 5th of May 1945, German generals surrendered to the Canadians.

Allied armies began to press against Germany and Hitler called upon his soldiers to fight even harder. He threatened that whichever German gave up a centimetre of German territory was a traitor. In one last desperate move, Hitler ordered his reserves and 3000 tanks against the Allies. However, the Allies eventually broke through and the German retreat began.

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Anne Frank

Whilst the Allies were breaking through the German forces, Russian troops were forcing themselves through to Berlin. Even though the Germans fought fiercely, they could not hold back the attack on all sides. By April of 1945, Soviet troops had entered Berlin. By the 8th of May 1945, fighting in Europe had ended. Hitler had learned that Mussolini (the Italian dictator) had been captured and killed. Not wanting to have the same fate, Hitler had planned to kill himself. On the 30th of April 1945, Hitler shot his wife, then himself. His body was later burned. The next day, however, Goebbels (a Nazi leader) announced that Hitler died leading his troops.

On the 7th of May 1945, Nazi Germany no longer existed. The long struggle in Europe was finally over. Millions, however, did not live to see it. Among them was 13-year-old Anne Frank, a young Jewish girl. For much of the war, she hid in an attic. However, the Nazis soon found her, and her family in August of 1944. She died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in March of 1945, just one month before the camp was liberated by British and Canadian soldiers.

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Created by Sarah Lucas. Final History Assignment 2005-2006.