In 1945, President Truman (he had become the U.S President after Roosevelt's death) urged Japan to surrender, otherwise they
would be completely destroyed. They Japanese had refused to surrender.
|The Atomic Bomb dropped over Hiroshima
On the 6th of August 1945, an American bomber appeared in the sky over Hiroshima. The bomber carried one single package, about
a metre long, that would change the way war is fought forever. The bomber was the Enola Gay. It carried an atomic bomb. In,
literally, a few seconds, the city of Hiroshima was covered in a cloud of smoke and dust in the shape of a mushroom. A flash
covered the whole sky as the bomb exploded. Sixty percent of the city was destroyed by the blast and fires. 71 000 people
were dead or missing and 68 000 were injured.
The Japanese still did not surrender and another atomic bomb was dropped over Nagasaki three days later. 35 000 people were
killed and 60 000 were injured. Within only a few days, a new type of death appeared. Survivors of the atomic bombs began
to develop fevers and burns. Other victims found their hair falling out, their gums bleeding, and their skin rotting away.
People did not know what was happening to them. Today, we know that these symptons are cause from radiation.
After the Japanese were finally ready to surrender. Japan officially surrendered on the 2nd of September 1945 to General
Douglas MacArthur, the American commander. World War II was finally over.